Microflora in Kefir

Typical Microflora Isolated from Kefir Grains Divided into Four Genus groups :


Encyclopaedia of Food Science, Food Technology, and Nutrition [1993] [pp. 1804-1808] Edited by R. Macrae, R.K. Robinson, M.J. Sadler

   * International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 44 (3) 435-439 [1994]

    ** T. Loretana, J.F Mosterta and B.C. Viljoen [2003] Microbial flora associated with South African household kefir. S. Afr. J. Sci. Vol. 99 No. 1/2

List of Bacterial Names with Standing in Nomenclature – Genus Lactobacillus


Units Count of Microbes in Gram Stained Kefir Grains

Bacilli [single cells, pair, chains] Streptococci [pair, chains] Yeast [single cells]

The Means Range

Bacilli 66, 62-69%
Streptococci 16, 11-12%
Yeast 18, 16-20% [10]